There are tons of meaningful reasons to use homemade fertilizer and even more to do it yourself, the two most important reasons being, it will save you money and it is best for your plants. The packaged and preserved chemicals, that are available in most local stores contain chemicals in trace quantities that can be harmful to your garden and can even burn up your plants. Homemade organic fertilizer is free from such chemicals and will mostly contain the exact chemicals needed to foster the growth of your plants.
What’s more, you don’t even have to look far to access the materials needed to make a batch of fertilizers, your kitchen, waste bin, backyard, lawn, and even your garden have all you will ever need. You can turn eggshells, banana peels, kitchen waste, grass clippings and every other decomposable household item you can think of into fertilizer. Here are the best DIY homemade fertilizers you should use for your vegetables.
Compost is the first thing you should consider when thinking of homemade fertilizer, it is not the easiest to achieve as it requires little or no personal effort but it is very effective. The process of composting is a natural one, as it follows the principle of natural decomposition, you just have to gather your biodegradable waste into a composter bin or a reserved designated area where you can compost your household waste with minimal disturbance from rodents and predators.
Once you have gathered enough waste, including, kitchen waste, yard trimmings, and any other organic household waste, the process of decomposition will be brought about by the internal heat generated from the waste itself and a manual turning motion from yourself. Or if you have a mechanized composter all you have to do is turn it on and the process will be on its way. Your fertilizer is ready when you compost looks and smells like the rich earth itself.
People normally confuse compost with manure, the major difference between the two is the presence of animal feces, which can either be a variant of; cow, horse and chicken feces. This kind of organic matter is normally rich in nitrogen and other plants intensive nutrients. It helps in controlling the soil temperature and catalyzes the soil reaction process.
The process of preparing organic manure at home follows through just like composting. Collect biodegradable kitchen waste, animal feces, yard trimmings and place them into a composter. The ratio of waste should be mostly equal for the most part, you just need a generous amount for the composting process to get started. Once it gets started, the dark brown smell being an indicator, stop adding new waste and start turning the compost from top to bottom every week. In about 6 to 8 weeks, the manure should be ready.
Eggshells might not be your first choice for a homemade fertilizer but it would surprise you to know that eggshells are made up of a whopping 95% calcium carbonate. that is the same chemical that is responsible for reduced soil acidity and improved fertility.
Eggshells are easy to come by so gathering a generous quantity should be easy. Once you have enough bulk. Start processing the fertilizer.
Rinse the eggshells, then proceed to dry them. After they get dried, grind them to a uniform consistency after which you can use them in your garden. Additionally, you can enrich the mix by combining it with your homemade compost.
Garden Weed Fertilizer
If you’ve ever handpicked weeds from your garden before, then you know how stubborn they can be, but after reading a few more lines, you would pull them out with joy in your heart because now they can play their part in feeding your garden. Weeds are very nutritious to your garden, they are high in nitrogen and make excellent compost. But for this DIY you will not be composting. All you need to do is to gather weeds, and grass if available and soak them in water for close to two weeks or whenever the water turns brown. This is a sign that the water is now enriched with nutrients your garden soil will soak up gracefully.
Banana Peel Fertilizer
Let’s face it, most households will have banana peels in their waste bin, and even if bananas are not your thing, your neighbor probably consumes a lot of bananas. Bananas are a great source of potassium in their ripened state, an element that is a major nutrient for vegetables. They also contain, phosphorous, iron, and calcium.
The best way to utilize the peel as a fertilizer is to allow the peel decompose in the garden soil itself. Place the banana peels at the root position of your plants and allow it to naturally decompose. The potassium that is needed will gradually seep into the soil.
Coffee Grounds Fertilizer
A lot of people normally throw out their coffee grounds without realizing how useful it can be as fertilizer and how rich it is in nutrients useful for plants and vegetables like potassium, calcium, iron, nitrogen, and phosphorus. Coffee grounds do not need any additional processing. Once you have gathered enough, it is as simple as using it as a surface soil or placing the fertilizer near the base of the garden soil. It can also be sprinkled directly on the soil.
Whatever method of application you use, the coffee grounds will get into the soil as intended and will help aerate the soil, fertilize it, and even repel pests from your garden. It’s the complete package.
Other notable mentions that can be made completely at home, include, organic tea, grass compost, seaweed. Crushed bone among others. The options are limitless as long as the household effect is biodegradable and still nutritious to plants, it can still be used as fertilizer.