All gardeners look forward to the fruit of their labor but sometimes garden pests just make it go down the drain. Nothing frustrates a gardener more than seeing a well-groomed plant being infested by bugs and insects. There are some bugs and insects you should totally prevent or control immediately after infestation because they can cause fatal damage to your plants. This article will enlighten you on the bugs and insects you should fight with all tenacity to avoid the destruction of your plants and vegetables.
Aphids are tiny looking insects but don’t be lenient because of their appearance as they have a soft-bodied pear-shaped look. They can cause massive destruction. Aphids mostly feed on home garden plants and as they feed they produce a juice called honeydew (sweet fluid). Aphid feed on both household plants and outdoor plants, cause flowers and fruits to be distorted in growth and deformed in shape and they can transmit a virus from a plant to another. Aphids are dangerous pests and it should be controlled and prevented as soon as it is detected in the garden.
2. Corn Earworms
These pests are also referred to as tomatoes fruit worm, this pest devours corn majorly but it also feeds on tomatoes, cotton and many more. These insects can cause serious damage to a plant, their color ranges from yellow, green, red and brown, some species have strips. Once plants or crops are infested they will distort growth and it may prevent pollination. Most times fruits eaten by corn earworms can’t be edible anymore after being infested. These pests cost serious damage and destruction to plants, it should be well controlled and prevented.
3. Flea Beetles
This isn’t the regular beetle, it’s a problematic beetle. There are so many species of this beetle and they attack numerous plants. They are named flea beetles because they possess the ability to jump like a flea, they are shiny and small with large rear legs. Flea beetle damage is more fatal in seedlings than in adult plants because adult plants have broad leaves while seedlings leaves are small. They damage plants by creating shot holes on the leaves but the fatal damage caused is when they transfer and spread bacterial diseases such as wilt and blight between plants. These pests should be controlled effectively.
Scales are a weird looking insect that sucks the sap out of leaves. They are very difficult to detect on plants. They don’t move on plants and they look like small brown dots. Also, they can be round, oval or flat and their color can either be brown or white. But, they are noticeable when plants get infested because by that time they have grown in population and they become clustered. Their damage rate is very slow but eventually, it damages your plants pretty bad and it eventually kills plants when heavily infested. These insects cause serious damage to plants and they should be dealt with in earnest.
These insect caterpillars can wreak havoc in a garden. Cutworms are mostly found feasting on vegetables and any fresh seedlings, they carry out their feeding mostly at dusk and evening hours. They are different species of cutworms with different features. They curl up at rest and they move stealthily when hiding in daylight. They damage plants by chewing on the stem, they feed on the roots of seedlings. In most cases, the entire plant will be damaged because they cut off the plant from underneath the soil. These insects should be controlled and prevented as they tend to deal fatal damage to your plants.
Just like cutworms, bagworms are caterpillars too. Bagworms are spindle-shaped bags that can be seen hanging from twigs of varieties of trees and shrubs. They feed on leaves and heavy infestation of bagworms can lead to the death of a plant. Bagworms spread slowly but the wind blows them from plant to plant which spreads them effectively. Ensure you get rid of them once detected.
7. Crane Flies
Many people often mistake this insect with mosquitoes since they look almost the same, but crane flies don’t bite people. Crane flies are harmless at adulthood to both people and plant but the larval form is the pest. Their larval form is called leatherjackets, they mostly infest grasses leaving the appearance yellowed and unhealthy. Some crane flies completely devour some sections of a grass plant. Damages from crane flies should be treated effectively.
8. Fungus Gnats
Fungus gnats are fruit-flies and they can cause fatal damage to plants if the infestation gets out of control. They feed on houseplants, to be more specific they feed on the root of houseplants. When they are overpopulated they can spread a group of plant pathogens called Pythium which can destroy plants. They are more harmful to seedlings as they get infested first. Once infested, consistent management and prevention techniques is the key to fighting them.
9. Cabbage Worms
The adult form of these worms are butterflies called cabbage whites. This is a common and dangerous pest for the cabbage vegetable family. They are green in color with faint yellow stripes, the camouflage of these insects is spectacular. It isn’t so easy to detect them as they pose serious damage to plants. Cabbage worms feed on the bases of the cabbage vegetable family without being detected. Don’t sit still and watch as these insects damage your plants and crops, deal with them now!
These insects are mostly called plant lice, they are tiny and they feed on sap. Psyllids feed on a variety of plant tissues, as they feed they produce honeydew (a sweet, sticky substance). They are very active and attentive to their environment as they take off when disturbed. These insects slowly damage plants, damaged plants will be distorted, discolored and eventually die. Many species transmit disease-carrying viruses from plants to plants and their major targets are seedlings. These insects should be effectively controlled when detected.
These insects and bugs pose a major threat to your garden and they should be prevented, and if infested they should be controlled to minimize the deaths of plants by pests.