Indoor growing is often useful if you are just starting growing your own vegetables. Plus, you will not be affected by the weather outside. All you need is good light and some pots. In this post, we are sharing with you some of the most popular vegetables suitable for indoor growing.
Lettuce is one of the easiest vegetables for growing indoors. Growing lettuce in containers requires the right type of pot and planting medium. Lettuce needs ample room for roots but you can grow several varieties in 6 to 12-inch pots. The greens need a consistent supply of moisture as they are almost 95 percent water but cannot tolerate wet roots.
Although lettuce grows fastest in full sun, it is one of the few vegetables that tolerates some shade. In fact, a spring crop often lasts longer if shaded from the afternoon sun as the season warms. You can grow lots of lettuce in a small space, even a container.
If you have limited garden space, you can grow carrots in pots instead. While many standard-length carrots don’t grow as long in containers, most smaller varieties thrive in them. Make sure you have a deep container that allows the edible root to grow well into the soil and keep the soil wet to maximize growth.
The yield you get will wholly depend on how many seeds you plant, which you will unlikely know until after they have sprouted. Obviously, each seed will produce one carrot, so you can always count the seedlings once they have started to grow.
Take your containers and fill them with potting soil. Fill the containers to about 3 inches from the top with soil. Take your carrot seeds and sprinkle them all over the top of the soil making sure to cover each square inch of the container. Then take a handful of soil and likely sprinkle the soil over the seeds.
If you want to grow microgreens indoors you need shallow pot or container that is at least 2″ deep, with good drainage. You can grow microgreens at home even if you‘ve never had a garden before. They can be grown even if you live in an apartment, giving you instant access to nutritious food whenever you need it. With a small upfront investment in some seeds, soil, and trays, you can have healthy microgreens to eat for months to come.
Microgreens are usually harvested when there are four or more leaves. Cut the shoots just above ground level with scissors. Many types will regrow and can be cut several times. Afterward, the tray contents can be added to the compost heap.
Whether you simply don’t have space to the garden outside or want to grow your own vegetables throughout a cold winter, gardening indoors allows you to do that. Along with other leafy greens, kale can be an ideal vegetable to grow inside.
Kale will be ready for harvest 55 days from transplanting, 70 to 80 days from seed. Cut individual leaves for use when the plant is 8 to 10 inches high; cut the outside leaves first. If you harvest the entire plant, cut 2 inches above the soil and the plant will sprout new leaves in 1 to 2 weeks.
Soak the ginger root in warm water overnight to prepare for planting. Fill a shallow, wide plant pot (ginger roots grow horizontally) with rich, well-draining potting soil. Place the ginger root with the eye bud pointing up and cover it with 1-2 inches more of soil. Water lightly.
The growing tips at the end of each ‘finger’ of the rhizome will sprout quickly. Long, slim leaves will grow from the end, which looks much like sprouting grass. Within eight to ten months, the ginger plant will be fully grown.
6. Rocket (Arugula)
If given the room, arugula plants can grow to well over two feet. In a small container, however, the leaves grow to the perfect size for salad. Sow (plant!) arugula seeds in the top layer of potting soil starting as early as February and all through early summer.
Arugula is a cool-season annual, meaning that it is good in spring or fall. Plant in full sun and fertile, well-drained soil. Like any herb or vegetable that needs to grow green leaves, arugula will benefit from compost and/or fertilizer. Water when the soil gets dry.
Tomatoes need full sun and at least eight hours of light to produce any fruit. Temperatures should be in the range of 65 F. (18 C.) or more indoors. Use unglazed pots that will breathe, with good drainage holes when growing indoor tomatoes.
Tomatoes need at least eight hours of direct sunlight per day, but that’s not always possible when you’re growing the plants indoors. The plants respond well to artificial light, as long as you meet their color requirements and time needs.
Pick Meyer lemon trees for growing indoors. Choose a deep plastic pot for your lemon plant. Find a saucer large enough to fit beneath the container. Buy a slightly acidic potting mix for your tree. Find a sunny spot for your lemon tree to grow.
Best way to grow your Meyer lemon tree indoors. Place your tree in the brightest part of your house, near a south-facing window. Fill a pot tray with rocks. Add water to the tray, filling it just below the top of the rocks to allow your tree to sit on the rocks but not IN water.
9. Scallion (Green Onion)
Onions are cool weather vegetables commonly found in the home garden, but they can also be grown indoors year-round by determined gardeners. They require a container deep enough for bulbs to form, exposure to bright light and soil with excellent drainage.
In climates with little or no frost during the winter, plant the sets throughout the year. Some gardeners prefer to plant white sets to produce green onions with white bases.
Green onions can be ready in 20 to 30 days after planting. Dry bulb onions can take 100 to 175 days to reach maturity. Here are a few tips for growing onions: Seeds, sets, or transplants.
These vegetables all require well-drained soil and partial sunlight. For best results, place a grow light near your vegetables during the winter months to boost your garden’s yields and avoid overwatering.